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General Election 2024: Key Tax Policies from Major Parties

HB Accountants has created a clear, impartial summary of the main tax policies proposed by major parties for the 2024 general election. This guide highlights the key tax changes each party plans, helping you understand the potential impact on businesses and individuals

A general election in the UK is being held on Thursdsay 4th July. Our guide highlights the key tax changes that each party plans to achieve. Our guide will help you stay informed about the potential impact on businesses and individuals alike.

Key Tax Policies in the 2024 General Election Table of Contents

The Conservative Party
The Green Party
The Labour Party
The Liberal Democrats
Plaid Cymru
The Reform Party
The Scottish National Party (SNP)

Conservative Party Tax Policies for the 2024 General Election

The Conservative Party has made several tax-related pledges for the upcoming 2024 general election. Here’s a summary of their key proposals:

  1. National Insurance Contributions (NIC) Reductions:
    • Employees: The headline rate for employees’ class 1 NIC will decrease from 8% to 7% in April 2025, and further to 6% by April 2027
    • Self-Employed: The main rate for class 4 NIC, currently at 6%, will be reduced by 1 percentage point each year starting in April 2025, with the goal of abolishing it completely by April 2029
  2. Age-Related Income Tax Personal Allowance:
    • From April 2025, a new age-related income tax personal allowance will be introduced. This allowance will increase annually by the highest of prices, earnings, or 2.5%, ensuring it always exceeds the amount of the new state pension
  3. High Income Child Benefit Charge (HICBC) Reform:
    • Starting April 2026, the HICBC will focus on household income rather than individual income. The clawback of child benefit will begin for households earning over £120,000, with the full amount clawed back at £160,000 or more.
  4. Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) for First-Time Buyers:
    • The increase in the SDLT threshold for first-time buyers in England and Northern Ireland will be made permanent, raising it from £300,000 to £425,000.
  5. Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Relief for Landlords:
    • A two-year temporary CGT relief will be introduced for landlords who sell properties to their existing tenants.

This series of tax cuts is planned to be partially funded by measures to combat tax avoidance and evasion, which are reported to generate an additional £20 billion in tax receipts over five years.

The Conservative Party has outlined several areas where it won’t make changes. For instance:

  • Pensions Tax Guarantee: The party commits to keeping the current income tax rules for pensions.
  • Family Home Tax Guarantee: The party pledges to maintain the current capital gains tax (CGT) rules for residential properties.
  • Tax Rates: They promise not to increase income tax or corporation tax rates.

Additionally, the party has a ten-point plan to support small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which includes:

  • VAT Threshold: Keeping the VAT threshold under review.
  • Tax Incentives: Retaining key tax incentives like business asset disposal relief.
  • R&D Tax Reliefs: Continuing support for research and development tax reliefs.

The Conservative Manifesto 2024

Green Party’s Tax Proposals: A Simple Breakdown

The Green Party plans to make several personal tax changes to raise between £50bn and £70bn per year. Here’s a simple summary:

For individuals:

  1. Wealth Tax: A new tax on assets over £10 million.
  2. Inheritance Tax (IHT): Reforms to close loopholes used by the super-rich.
  3. Capital Gains Tax (CGT): Aligning CGT rates with income tax rates.
  4. National Insurance Contributions (NIC): Applying the standard 8% rate to earnings over £50,270, instead of the current 2%.
  5. Pension Contributions: Fixing income tax relief at 20%.

For businesses:

  1. No Increase in Corporation Tax: The party won’t raise corporation tax but might introduce windfall taxes.
  2. Encouraging Decarbonization: Introducing a carbon tax to raise up to £80bn by the end of the parliament.

These changes aim to increase tax revenue and promote environmental sustainability.

For more information & The Green Party’s Manifesto click here

Labour Party’s Tax Plans: A Simple Overview

The Labour Party aims to reduce tax avoidance and close the tax gap. Here’s what they propose:

Modernising HMRC:

Invest £855 million to update HMRC.
Expect an additional £5.2 billion in tax receipts by 2028/29.
Close non-dom tax loopholes.
Increase registration and reporting requirements.
Strengthen HMRC’s powers.
Invest in new technology.
Focus on tax avoidance by large businesses and the wealthy.

Other Tax Measures:

Charge VAT on private school fees.
Tax carried interest as income.
Increase SDLT on residential property purchases by non-UK residents by 1 percentage point.
Close loopholes in the windfall tax on oil and gas companies.

No Increases to NIC, Income Tax, or VAT:

They promise not to raise National Insurance Contributions (NIC), income tax rates, or VAT.

Business Tax Policies:

Ensure certainty for businesses with one major fiscal event per year.
Publish a roadmap for business taxation for the next parliament.
Cap corporation tax at the current rate of 25%.
Keep key capital allowances, including full expensing and the annual investment allowance.
Provide greater clarity on what qualifies for allowances to improve business investment decisions.

These changes aim to make the tax system fairer and more efficient while providing stability and support for businesses.

Labour’s Plans to Close the Tax Gap

The Labour Party Manefesto 2024

Liberal Democrats’ 2024 Tax Plans: A Simple Overview

The Liberal Democrats have a “fair deal” plan to raise £26.9 billion by 2028-29 through ten tax policies, mainly targeting big businesses. Here’s a simple breakdown:

  1. Taxes on Big Businesses:
    • Increase taxes on banks, water companies, oil and gas industries, the digital services sector, and the aviation industry.
  2. Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Reform:
    • Raise the CGT annual exempt amount from £3,000 to £5,000.
    • Introduce a tax-free allowance for inflation and a new relief for small businesses.
    • Overall, CGT changes are expected to raise £5.2 billion by closing loopholes for the super-wealthy.
  3. Reducing the Tax Gap:
    • Allocate £1 billion to HMRC to improve services and target tax evasion and avoidance.
    • Aim to generate an additional £7.2 billion in tax receipts.
  4. Changes for Employers, Employees, and Freelancers:
    • Review off-payroll working (IR35) reforms and employment rights.
    • Establish a new ‘dependent contractor’ employment status.
    • Increase the national minimum wage, especially for care workers.
    • Reform statutory sick pay and expand parental leave and pay.

These proposals aim to make the tax system fairer and ensure big businesses and the wealthy pay their share.

Click here to see The Liberal Democrats’ 2024 Manefesto

Click here for The Liberal Democrats’ 2024 Manefesto Costing Summary

Click here to view The Liberal Democrats’ 2024 Reforming CGT to save our NHS

Plaid Cymru’s The Party of Wales’ Tax Proposals: A Brief Summary

Plaid Cymru wants the Senedd to control income tax bands and thresholds in Wales. Nationally, they propose:

  • Increase Windfall Tax on oil and gas companies.
  • Equalize CGT Rates with income tax.
  • Introduce a Wealth Tax.
  • Charge VAT on private school fees.
  • Crack Down on tax evasion and abolish non-dom loopholes.
  • Increase NIC Rates for high earners.
  • Raise Income Tax Personal Allowance for pensioners.

These measures aim to ensure fairness and enhance revenue.

Click here for the Plaid Cymru’s The Party of Wales’ 2024 Manefesto

Reform Party’s Tax Proposals: A Quick Summary

The Reform Party aims to simplify and cut taxes, focusing on benefiting individuals:

  • Income Tax: Raise the personal allowance to £20,000 and the 40% tax threshold to £70,000.
  • Inheritance Tax (IHT): Abolish IHT on estates under £2 million.
  • Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT): Make significant cuts.
  • VAT: Remove VAT on household energy bills.

For businesses:

  • Corporation Tax: Reduce the main rate from 25% to 20%, and then to 15%.
  • VAT Registration Threshold: Increase from £90,000 to £150,000 to ease burdens on small entrepreneurs.
  • Employers’ NIC: Increase from 13.8% to 20% for foreign workers, with some exceptions.

These changes aim to make the tax system simpler and more beneficial for both individuals and businesses.

The Reform Party’s Manefesto 2024

Scottish National Party (SNP) Tax Proposals: A Simple Overview

The SNP seeks full control over tax powers, including:

  • NIC Devolution: Align NIC rates and thresholds with Scottish income tax.
  • VAT Reforms: Address imbalances, like taxing sunscreen but not caviar.
  • Hospitality and Tourism: Introduce a lower VAT rate.
  • Electric Vehicles: Remove VAT from on-street charging.

These measures aim to tailor tax policies to better suit Scotland’s needs.

The SNP Manifesto 2024

We would like to thank the ICAEW’s Tax Faculty for some of the information contained within this blog post.

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